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Some of our fans pointed out that it might be confusing to show nesting dolls in Old World Hungary, since nesting dolls are traditionally Russian. So we decided to do further research on the history of the nesting doll so that we could share it with our readers.
While the modern day nesting doll is most popularly associated with Russia (Matryoshka dolls), the first nesting dolls actually came from China. The Chinese crafted nesting boxes that date back to the Song Dynasty, around 1000 AD. These boxes were both functional and decorative. Sometime during the 1700s they applied this concept to a set of dolls and the first nesting doll was born.
Chinese nesting dolls are similar to the nesting dolls that are common today. In the original Chinese sets the smallest doll held a single grain of rice.
image found on the Hidden Treasures of Famen Si
The above image is actually as set of nested caskets. I am having a hard time finding images of traditional Chinese nesting boxes or the original Chinese nesting dolls. Does anyone have any good resources?
Nesting Dolls in Japan
Soon after nesting dolls originated in China they made their way to Japan. Japanese wooden dolls were made to look like the Seven Lucky Gods from Japanese mythology. The outer most doll was Fukurokuju the Japanese god of happiness and longevity. He had an abnormally long forehead, like in the doll below.
It seems logical that the nesting doll concept would take off in Japan as they already had a tradition in similar dolls. Like nesting dolls, kokeshi dolls and daruma dolls do not have arms or legs. Both kokeshi and daruma dolls are hand painted with decorative bodies and simplified facial features.
Daruma dolls are modeled after Bodhidharma, the founder of Zen Buddhism. Daruma dolls originated in the city of Takasaki, around the mid 1760s. They are a hollow Papier-mâché doll and often have a wooden mold to create their shape.
Kokeshi dolls originated in Northern Japan during the Edo period (1600-1868). Kokeshi dolls are hand made of wood and have decorative painting. Many Kokeshi dolls, are made also made as a nesting dolls.
How the Nesting Doll Came to Russia
Some stories say the earliest set of Japanese nesting dolls were actually made by a Russian monk. Whether this is true or not, the nesting dolls made their way to Russia in the early 1890s when Savva Mamontov discovered a set. Mamontov was a wealthy supporter of the arts and wanted to revive Russian folk art. One of his artists, Sergei Maliutin created the first Russian set with the help of Vassily Zviozdochkin. Their concept was to turn the nesting dolls into a symbol of Russia.
image found here
The nesting dolls that inspired Mamontov and Maliutin would have been similar to the set above.
image found on Wikipedia
Above is the original set of nesting dolls by Maliutin. These dolls can still be seen at the Sergiev Posad Museum of Toys in Zagorsk, Russia.
The above are done in style of more traditional Russian style. Russian nesting dolls go by many names, Matryoshka (and many variations of that name), Russian Nesting Dolls, Stacking dolls, and sometimes babushka dolls, though there are arguments that this is not actually a name for the dolls. Matryoshka comes from Matryona, a popular Russian name at the time. Traditional dolls are meant to look like a Russian women in traditional Russian dress.
Throughout Eastern Europe
In 1900 Mamontov wife presented the first Russian nesting dolls at the World Exhibition in Paris. Soon after nesting dolls were being made throughout Russia and the surrounding regions. Nesting dolls today can be found in Eastern and Eastern Central Europe in countries like German, Poland, Czech Republic, Italy, Ukraine. Many of these countries have created their own motifs that are common to their region. Nesting dolls are popular souvenir items through Eastern Europe.
images found on Ingrid’s Nesting Doll Page
The dolls above are from Ukraine, they have unique bullet-shaped bodies.
images found on Ingrid’s Nesting Doll Page
These dolls from Poland have a more complex shape than the traditional Russian dolls. Our Design Guru, Laura Boes, remembers fondly playing with her Polish grandmother’s set, which looked very similar to the set on the top right.
image from Tea
We found these pretty floral sets while traveling in Hungary.
images found on Ingrid’s Nesting Doll Page
This set from Romania have large childlike eyes. They feel more playful than some of the more traditional sets.
Nesting Dolls Today
Today nesting dolls are popular all over the world. So popular in fact, that our we already sold out of our Nesting Doll Tee. Beyond the traditional motifs dolls, nesting dolls now come in sets of political leaders, pop icons, animals, and fairy tales, really almost anything you imagine. They’ve transcended their traditional form and have become a very popular icon, especially in the the crafting community. A search for matryoshka on Etsy yields more than 2500 results.
With all the variety in nesting dolls today it is easy to see why they would be so popular. There’s a nesting doll out there for everyone. A simple, but brilliant concept has given this toy universal appeal.
for the arist…images found on: Audree Lapierre (top left), Unedit my heart (top right), CB2 (center left), How Now Design Flickr (center right), ModaMuse (bottom left), the wurst gallery (bottom right)
For the fashionista…
for the techie…
images found on: Engadget (top left), ListsGalore! (top right), StarStore.com (middle left), Toys & Games reviews (middle right), Drysdale & Co (bottom left), GagdgetHER (bottom right)
sources and further reading
- a nice collection of nesting jobs from all over the world: Ingrid’s Nesting Doll Page
- another good source of nesting dolls from different regions: Nesting Doll Types
- scroll to bottom of page for a great history: The Russian Store
- another good history: Russia the Great
- more history: eHow, Russian Legacy
- brief history of Matryoshka, Kokeshi and Daruma Dolls Mama Zakka
We’re constantly traveling to collect inspiration for our current designs. Check out our latest collection!
Today is a Hungarian national holiday, celebrating St. Stephen I, Hungary’s patron saint and First King (between 1000 and 1038 AD). Through his powerful role as King he helped to establish the Kingdom of Hungary, so August 20th, while commemorating his life, also celebrates the birth of Hungary. During the Soviet occupation of Hungary St. Stephen’s day was dismissed as being “too religious”, and was replaced with a celebration of the Stalinist constitution, as well as a “celebration of new bread”, referring to the beginning of the harvest.
Modern day Budapest celebrates St. Stephen’s Day with fireworks, air shows, and outside fairs, with stands selling bread and cakes.
This season we happen to be carrying a shirt that references King Stephen’s reign – our Knights Double Decker Tee was inspired by the Knights of King Stephen’s army:
Have you ever been in Hungary during St. Stephen’s Day? Did you celebrate it as a child? Feel free to share your experiences in the comments.
Throughout our trip we saw furniture, walls and doors decorated with hand painted florals. These cabinet doors inspired our beautiful Folk Flower print.
We found the inspiration for our Nanaos Dragon Pullover in the streets of Budapest on this amazing manhole cover.
Check out some other cool manhole imagery from Budapest.
We found these on a blog called Manhole Miscellany.
Here at Tea, we’ve been wondering whether the image on the pullover is really a dragon. Or could it be an eagle?
To us, no matter what you call it, the Nanaos Dragon Pullover is one sweatshirt boys will love to wear back to school and all throughout the fall. It’s sure to be warm, comfortable conversation-starter.
My Nonna had an amazing set of nesting dolls when I was little. They were my favorite things to play with when I visited her house (or at least, a close second to crushing potato chips in her vintage coffee grinder), so I was pretty excited when Laura and Emily brought back these beautiful nesting doll sets from their Old world Hungary inspiration trip. They immediately made way to my desk so I could ‘be inspired’ by them, but really I just wanted to play. Every time I played with my grandmother’s dolls I was always amazed that when I thought I had made my way to the smallest doll, there was even a tinier one inside. Turns out even now, I still get excited by this. “Oooh, there’s an EVEN smaller doll after this one!” I’d announce to my coworkers, who were actually working and probably not that interested in my toys.
This set’s tiniest doll even had a painted face! Thrilling!
Tea’s Nesting Doll Tee